The Most Controversial Decision Cambridge Essential Histories

This study addresses a subject that has been much debated among historians and it confronts head-on the highly disputed claim that the Truman administration practised 'atomic diplomacy'. The book goes beyond its central historical analysis to ask whether it was morally right for the United States to use these terrible weapons against Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

. Truman's decision-making regarding this most controversial of all his decisions. The book relies on notable archival research and the best and most recent scholarship on the subject to fashion an incisive overview that is fair and forceful in its judgments. It also provides a balanced evaluation of the relationship between atomic weapons and the origins of the Cold War.

This book explores the american use of atomic bombs and the role these weapons played in the defeat of the Japanese Empire in World War II. It focuses on President Harry S.

The Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb

Controversial in nature, this book demonstrates that the United States did not need to use the atomic bomb against Japan. Alperovitz criticizes one of the most hotly debated precursory events to the Cold War, an event that was largely responsible for the evolution of post-World War II American politics and culture.


The National Security Enterprise: Navigating the Labyrinth, Second Edition

Unlike some textbooks on american foreign policy, it offers analysis from insiders who have worked at the National Security Council, the State and Defense Departments, the intelligence community, and the other critical government entities. The book explains how organizational missions and cultures create the labyrinth in which a coherent national security policy must be fashioned.

This up-to-date book will appeal to students of US national security and foreign policy as well as career policymakers. Understanding and appreciating these organizations and their cultures is essential for formulating and implementing it. This second edition of the national security enterprise provides practitioners’ insights into the operation, missions, and organizational cultures of the principal national security agencies and other institutions that shape the US national security decision-making process.

Taking into account the changes introduced by the Obama administration, the second edition includes four new or entirely revised chapters Congress, Department of Homeland Security, Treasury, and USAID and updates to the text throughout. It covers changes instituted since the first edition was published in 2011, implications of the government campaign to prosecute leaks, and lessons learned from more than a decade of war in Afghanistan and Iraq.


The Big Stick: The Limits of Soft Power and the Necessity of Military Force

The rise of a well-armed china, nuclear threats from north Korea and Iran, Russia's conquest of Crimea and eastern Ukraine, and the spread of radical Islamist movements like ISIS are some of the key threats to global peace. Cohen-a scholar and practitioner of international relations-disagrees. The us is still, as Madeleine Albright once dubbed it, "the indispensable nation.

". Speak softly and carry a big stick" Theodore Roosevelt famously said in 1901, when the United States was emerging as a great power. Cohen explains that American leaders must learn to use hard power in new ways and for new circumstances. While acknowledging that the us must be careful about why, and how it uses force, he insists that its international role is as critical as ever, when, and armed force is vital to that role.

It was the right sentiment, perhaps, thinking it outdated, in an age of imperial rivalry but today many Americans doubt the utility of their global military presence, unnecessary or even dangerous. In the big stick, Eliot A. He argues that hard power remains essential for American foreign policy. If the united states relinquishes its position as a strong but prudent military power, and fails to accept its role as the guardian of a stable world order we run the risk of unleashing disorder, violence and tyranny on a scale not seen since the 1930s.


Prompt and Utter Destruction, Third Edition: Truman and the Use of Atomic Bombs against Japan

From the debate about whether to invade or continue the conventional bombing of Japan to Tokyo's agonizing deliberations over surrender and the effects of both low- and high-level radiation exposure, Walker continues to shed light on one of the most earthshaking moments in history. Rising above an often polemical debate, the third edition presents an accessible synthesis of previous work and new research to help make sense of the events that ushered in the atomic age.

In this concise account of why America used atomic bombs against Japan in 1945, J. In this new edition, walker incorporates a decade of new research--mostly from Japanese archives only recently made available--that provides fresh insight on the strategic considerations that led to dropping the bomb. Delineating what was known and not known by American leaders at the time, Walker evaluates the options available for ending the war with Japan.

. Samuel walker analyzes the reasons behind President Truman's most controversial decision.

Manhood and American Political Culture in the Cold War

Cuordileone shows how the preoccupation with the soft, malleable American character reflected not only anti-Communism but acute anxieties about manhood and sexuality. Manhood and american political culture in the Cold War explores the meaning of anxiety as expressed through the political and cultural language of the early cold war era.

. Reading major figures like Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Joseph mccarthy, adlai stevenson, and many lesser known public figures, Norman Mailer, JFK, Cuordileone reveals how the era’s cult of toughness shaped the political dynamics of the time and inspired a reinvention of the liberal as a cold warrior.

War without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War

A powerful, moving, and evenhanded history that is sorely needed in both America and Japan. Drawing on american and japanese songs, secret reports, propaganda films, slogans, and a wealth of other documents of the time, cartoons, Dower opens up a whole new way of looking at that bitter struggle of four and a half decades ago and its ramifications in our lives today.

With eloquence, crushing detail, and power. ”. Winner of the national book critics circle award an american book award finalist now in paperback, war without mercy has been hailed by The New York Times as “one of the most original and important books to be written about the war between Japan and the United States.

In this monumental history, professor john dower reveals a hidden, explosive dimension of the Pacific War—race—while writing what John Toland has called “a landmark book. Reischauer, former ambassador to Japan, has pointed out, this book offers “a lesson that the postwar generations need most .

As edwin O.

The Long Road to Baghdad: A History of U.S. Foreign Policy from the 1970s to the Present

The diplomatic historian examines the ideas, policies and actions that led from Vietnam to the Iraq War and America’s disastrous role in the Middle East. Far more disturbing than a simple conspiracy to secure oil, Gardner’s account explains the Iraq War as the necessary outcome of a half-century of doomed US policies.

A vital primer to the slow-motion conflagration of American foreign policy. Kirkus Reviews. What will stand out one day is not George W. Gardner illuminates a vital historical thread connecting walt whitman rostow’s defense of US intervention in Southeast Asia, in separate Iraq wars, Zbigniew Brzezinski’s attempts to project American power into the “arc of crisis” with Iran at its center, and the efforts of two Bush administrations, to establish a “landing zone” in that critically important region.

Lloyd gardner’s sweeping and authoritative narrative places the iraq War in the context of US foreign policy since Vietnam, casting the conflict as a chapter in a much broader story—in sharp contrast to the dominant narrative, which focus almost exclusively on the actions of the Bush Administration in the months leading up to the invasion.

Bush’s uniqueness but the continuum from the Carter doctrine to ‘shock and awe’ in 2003. From the long road to baghdad   in this revealing narrative of America’s path to its “new longest war, ” one of the nation’s premier diplomatic historians excavates the deep historical roots of the US misadventure in Iraq.


The Reagan Era: A History of the 1980s

He reckons with the racial politics of reaganism and its debt to the backlash generated by the civil rights movement, as well as Reaganism's entanglement with the politics of crime and the rise of mass incarceration. Foreign policy toward central america, and he explains the role of the recession during the early 1980s in the decline of manufacturing and the growth of a service economy.

In this concise yet thorough history of America in the 1980s, Doug Rossinow takes the full measure of Ronald Reagan's presidency and the ideology of Reaganism. Rossinow narrates the conflicts that rocked U. S. Believers in libertarian economics and a muscular foreign policy, Reaganite conservatives in the 1980s achieved impressive success in their efforts to transform American government, and society, politics, ushering in the political and social system Americans inhabit today.

Rossinow links current trends in economic inequality to the policies and social developments of the Reagan era. From the widening gender gap to the triumph of yuppies and rap music, lively and readable yet sober and unsparing, from the first "war on terror" to the end of the Cold War and the brink of America's first war with Iraq, from Reagan's tax cuts and military buildup to the celebrity of Michael Jackson and Madonna, this history, from the era's Wall Street scandals to the successes of Bill Gates and Sam Walton, gives readers vital perspective on a decade that dramatically altered the American landscape.


A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in A

The progressive era, who smashed saloons with her axe and helped stop an entire nation from drinking; women suffragists, who marched in the streets until they finally achieved the vote; Andrew Carnegie and the super-rich, whose energy glinted through his pince-nez; Carry Nation, still burns in American memory for its outsized personalities: Theodore Roosevelt, a few brief decades around the turn of the last century, who spent unheard-of sums of money and became the wealthiest class of Americans since the Revolution.

But the failure of the progressive movement set boundaries around the aspirations of all of these efforts. For a time, it seemed as if the middle-class utopians would cause a revolution. They accomplished an astonishing range of triumphs. None of them was as ambitious, as openly determined to transform people and create utopia, as the progressive movement.

Everything was open to question -- family life, leisure pursuits, race relations, morals, sex roles, and politics. From the 1890s to the 1910s, close down vice districts, as american soldiers fought a war to make the world safe for democracy, take over the railroads, win the right to vote for women, reformers managed to outlaw alcohol, launch the income tax, and raise feverish hopes of making new men and women for a new century.

Yet the progressive movement collapsed even more spectacularly as the war came to an end amid race riots, high inflation, strikes, and a frenzied Red scare. Our current, less-than-epic politics must inevitably disappoint a nation that once thought in epic terms. Yet the full story of those decades is far more than the sum of its characters.

The Other Women's Movement: Workplace Justice and Social Rights in Modern America Politics and Society in Modern America

There's also a vital and continuing tradition of women's reform that sought social as well as individual rights and argued for the dismantling of the masculine standard. American feminism has always been about more than the struggle for individual rights and equal treatment with men. The labor reformers whose stories are told in The Other Women's Movement wanted equality and "special benefits, " and they did not see the two as incompatible.

From the 1930s to the 1980s, these women pursued answers to problems that are increasingly pressing today: how to balance work and family and how to address the growing economic inequalities that confront us. Unique in its range and perspective, this is the first book to link the continuous tradition of social feminism to the leadership of labor women within that movement.

In this much anticipated book, dorothy sue Cobble retrieves the forgotten feminism of the previous generations of working women, illuminating the ideas that inspired them and the reforms they secured from employers and the state. The other women's movement traces their impact from the 1940s into the feminist movement of the present.

. This socially and ethnically diverse movement for change emerged first from union halls and factory floors and spread to the "pink collar" domain of telephone operators, secretaries, and airline hostesses. They argued that gender differences must be accommodated and that "equality" could not always be achieved by applying an identical standard of treatment to men and women.

The reform agenda they championed--an end to unfair sex discrimination, just compensation for their waged labor, and the right to care for their families and communities--launched a revolution in employment practices that carries on today.